From Statistical Significance, the American Statistical Association
Sports statistics such as a batting average don’t involve the scientific discipline of statistics at all, but are merely
numbers determined by simple arithmetic. Statistics in the sense of the scientific discipline of collecting, analyzing,
and understanding data can yield powerful insights and advantages for those who employ it for sports of any kind.
The use of statistical science in sports is still in its early stages, but showing its power and utility, especially with
ever-increasing amounts of data.